The Psychoanalytic Sigmund Freud "Who I am is determined by the interaction of my id, ego, and superego.
He and his followers believed the secrets to personality could only be unlocked by an awareness of consciousness brought about by psychoanalysis.
He developed a well known structural model to describe how people mediate their internal conflicts arising from their desire for an object and their concomitant need to do the right thing.
Only through guided introspections will I be capable of really getting in touch with who I am. The various approaches to studying the personality were lead by psychologists who are familiar names to students of psychology and counseling. For Allport and his followers personality is based partly on who one is, partly on with whom one lives, and partly on which needs are being met.
Albert Bandura started out as a behaviorist, but set the foundations for theories of social cognition when he noted that personality tends to be an interactive construct: The cycle of theory building necessitates the use of experimentation to create support for hypotheses.
Hence, specific types of therapies and research methods have been tied to the various theories. To discuss theories of personality, one must first consider what the words, personality and theory, mean. Watson, theorized personality could best be described through rational, scientific observation of actual, observed behaviors.
He believed a personality is comprised of dispositions and behaviors that may be inborn, conveyed by society, or developed by circumstance.
One of the best known of all personality theorists was Sigmund Freud. So, in a simplistic sense, theories of personality are models created to help describe, understand, predict, or control the habits, thought processes, motivations, coping mechanisms, and emotional states of a person.
Personality theory is rich in complexity and variety. Researchers have developed theories describing what contributes to the personality, yet many of the theorists disagree with each other.
This is why many people will refer to theories of personality as the primary architectonic of all psychology topics. Some personality theorists take an ideographic approach; meaning they attempt to delineate differences in people by trying to establish what is unique or different to a specific person.
The concept of personality is abstract and refers to how the habits, thought processes, motivations, defense mechanisms, and emotional states are woven together to form a view of a person. How do we come to even know what a personality is?
Gordon Allport developed the trait approach: The classical approaches to personality theory are: How does one use personality to come to understand a person? Can personality theory be used to predict what a person will do? A change in approach will often add to the depth of knowledge regarding a theory - or it can work to refute the conclusions that have been drawn about that theory.
Other theorists take a nomothetic approach; meaning they try to identify commonalities in individuals and then measure how much or how little each person possesses of the common characteristics. A theory is generally a model created to describe, explain, understand, or predict and some say to control a phenomenon or concept of life.Summarize the key elements of the major personality theories (e.g.
type and trait theories, psychodynamic theories, humanistic theories, etc.) discussed in the text.
Personality types are distinct pattern of personality characteristics used to assign people to categories (Gerrig ). Like the body, personality consists of both structures and processes and reflects both nature (genes) and nurture (experience).
In addition, personality includes the effects of the past, including memories of the past, as well as constructions of the present and the future.” This essay will look at Freud’s and Roger’s theory of personality. These theories have tried to explain how human behavior shapes a person’s personality.
One of the important theories is the Behavioral Theory or Behaviorism. One of the important theories is the Behavioral Theory or Behaviorism. John Wayne as an American Icon Essay Words | 6 Pages.
John Wayne as an American Icon Marion Morrison, also known as John Wayne, is perhaps one of the most popular movie personalities ever. He began as a mere stagehand, but by the end of his career he had developed himself as a very successful actor, producer, and director.
This essay evaluates some of the theories regarding personality. The theory of an inherent personality is quite vague and no substantial proof has been offered.
The opposing theory is that of the Tabula Rasa, the blank slate/5(15). Personality Theories Free Essays, Term Papers and book reports. Thousands of papers to select from all free.Download