Nepal india water resources cooperation a critical

Water Sector in India

Nepal has reportedly tabled an map from the British India Office to support its position. If India wants to keep China out of a democratic Nepal, it needs to find ways to build goodwill and trust among the people of Nepal. The history of negotiations regarding water projects on Indo Nepal transboundary waters got dominated by controversies primarily due to perceptional difference and the blame game instead of technical difficulties.

Indian troops had previously Nepal india water resources cooperation a critical Nepal from completing a culvert in the disputed area which ultimately led to protests. However, the entry of a non-basin state, China, is muddying the waters.

The Colonial administration had signed the Sarada Treaty with Nepal inon the basis of which India contsructed the Sarada barrage on Mahakali River after exchanging 4, acres of territory.

Rana rule in Nepal however collapsed within 3 months of signing the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendshiponly to be replaced by the only pro-Indian party of the time — Nepali Congress. Critical yet neglected actor In transboundary water resources development, planning, geography, politics and technology play major role.

So to say, the jurisprudence of such international river courses must be an essential guide to the stakeholders for developing the Koshi-Ganga-Padma river basins in a cooperative manner. Media coverage on water resources in Nepal is generally replete with sentimentality and concerns.

The perceived unfair treatment in its past water agreements and the ever increasing anti-India constituency in the country have pushed Nepal to explore Chinese finance and collaboration to develop its water resources in recent years. Nepal continually promoted the proposal in international forums and by it had won the support of countries including the USA, the UK, and France.

This definitely affects moral and commitment of negotiators from our smaller neighbor as they have to interact with extreme cautiousness and apprehension. He said, "I am going back to Nepal as a satisfied person. Both the countries can jointly undertake the execution of the project only after finalisation of the DPR comprising all components of technical works, sharing modalities and financial details.

By harnessing the natural bounty of the Himalayas to produce renewable electricity, Nepal could emulate the success of Bhutan in generating the hydro dollars to fuel its rapid economic development.

However, people of Nepal considerd the treaty being partial to India and became angry over the less amount of water allocated to them. The anti-India popular sentiments in Bangladesh has been usually blamed by Indian analysts as the manifestation of religious divide between two countries.

India and Nepal have decided to prepare a detailed project report DPR of their ambitious Pancheshwar multi-purpose dam project by December and agreed to resume fresh negotiations to resolve critical issues of water sharing and power purchase agreement under the project which was conceived over 22 years ago.

The setting up of national and regional water resources centers, even one at the international level could help build trust specially in sharing scientific information between experts and the media.

Koshi basin cooperation The way of optimizing benefits

It remains today in a politically shaky position — wracked by underdevelopment, poverty, poor governance and lawlessness and increasingly divided by its murky politics. Only when a debate and the resulting conflict reach a dead end, the need for information and communication is felt.

May 2, Nepal seems to be delaying her response; some people attribute it to the India factor. The dispute intensified in as the Nepali parliament considered a treaty on hydro-electric development of the river.

Conversely, any Sino-Indian co-operation in the upper reaches of the river to augment the river flows during lean season will not only be a win-win game for both of them but also has the spin-off benefits for Nepal and Bangladesh. According to the Nepalese government estimates, of the boundary pillars along the border, 1, pillars are missing, 2, require restoration, and, more need to be constructed.

The sorry state of affairs in Nepal has seriously hampered its hydropower and irrigation expansion, even though progress in these areas is essential to obtain much-needed revenue and development and to help tame the transboundary rivers that often overrun their banks in Nepalese and Indian areas during the monsoons.

Although the potential for joint endeavors is considerable, the cooperation between these two countries on the issues related to water resource development has not been easy and forthcoming. Disaster potential of this project is very high due to possibility of reservoir induced seismicity in the earthquake prone zone.

Further, fragile and unstable political uncertainties in Nepal also played a role in fueling anti-Indian sentiments. A failure to adequately harness water resources has left the nation acutely energy-starved, and water shortages are endemic in major Nepalese cities, including the capital, Kathmandu.

The Nepalese Citizenship Act of allowed Indians to immigrate to Nepal and acquire Nepalese citizenship with ease—a source of huge resentment in Nepal This policy was not changed until when several restrictive clauses were added to the Nepalese constitution.

India is increasingly facing water scarcity. But, there is a strong feeling in Nepal that the country has not been treated equitably under the various past water agreements with India. This turned out to be a big election issue for anti-India political establishment in Nepal.

Both the countries have, so far, not agreed on the quantum of electricity which is to be sold by Nepal from its share of energy in the project to India, nor on its price. Instead, they read like campaigns aimed at creating a climate for political vendetta. The water sharing issues have been adversely affecting bilateral relationship between India and Nepal for almost a century now.

Water cooperation with India and Bangladesh can help harness the waters of the common rivers for shared benefit.

India–Nepal relations

Following the Sino-Indian border war, the relationship between Kathmandu and New Delhi thawed significantly.May 23,  · Indo-Nepal Water Resource Negotiation.

These hydrological features bind India and Nepal in a relationship of geographical interdependence and economic complementarities on of water resource development. Media coverage on water resources in Nepal is generally replete with sentimentality and concerns.

Nepal’s water curse

Many times such sentiments. Indo-Nepal Transboundary Waters: Disputes And Cooperative Efforts Water Resources: Nepal's Critical Resources Brahmaputra Basin: Water resource Cooperation between Nepal, India and Bangladesh, Lyndon B.

Johnson School of Public Affairs Publication, Austin, Overview. Water is a cross-cutting issue that is of critical importance if India is to make progress on major development challenges, including food security, rapid urbanization, sustainable rural development, disaster risk management, adaptation to climate change, equitable allocation of natural resources, and economic cooperation with its neighbors in the region.

Besides adding to its water supply for the irrigation and drinking water needs, India also aims at developing river water resources in Nepal to produce hydro-power for its growing economy.

Nepal – India Water Resources Cooperation: A Critical Review Dahal Vaskar, Khanal Sonu, Mulmi Ravi, Pokharel Mohan, Pokharel Sunil Abstract Nepal has been touted to be rich in water resources and the proper utilization of her vast water resources and the intensification of the tourism industry are considered as one way ride to economic prosperity that the region of South Asia has not been.

Indo-Nepal Water Resource Negotiation

Indian delegation to Nepal for the GBM was led by Union water resources secretary U P Singh. Though both India and Nepal had earlier discussed draft DPR, a mutually acceptable DPR of the project.

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Nepal india water resources cooperation a critical
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