Elizabethan literature provides a starting point for identifying prototypes of the novel in England. Only about years old in England—and embattled from the start—its rise to preeminence has been striking.
These traits became the guidelines according to which the novel as a genre developed and was valued. The novel also owes a debt to Elizabethan drama, which was the leading form of popular entertainment in the age of Shakespeare.
The demand for reading material allowed a greatly expanded pool of writers to make a living from largely ephemeral poetry and fiction. The early targets of these attacks were those writers, including Behn, Eliza Haywood, and Delarivier Manley, who had produced original English prose "romances" based on the conventions of the French style.
As the patronage system broke down through the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, authors became free agents in the literary marketplace, dependent on popular sales for their success and sustenance, and thus reflecting more and more the values of a predominantly middle-class readership.
After sparse beginnings in seventeenth-century England, novels grew exponentially in production by the eighteenth century and in the nineteenth century became the primary form of popular entertainment.
Although not widespread, works of prose fiction were not uncommon during this period. At the same time, however, more women in particular were writing novels that made a display of decorum and piety, often reacting to detractors who charged that sensationalistic tales of adventure and sexual endangerment had the potential to corrupt adult female readers and the youth of both sexes.
In the second half of the seventeenthcentury, the novel genre developed many of the traits that characterize it in modern form. Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding. The first professional novelist—that is, the first person to earn a living from publishing novels—was probably the dramatist Aphra Behn.
The outcome of this campaign was not the demise of the novel, but the selective legitimation of novels that displayed certain, distinctly non-romantic traits. Contemporary critics approved of these elements as supposedly native to England in other genres, especially in history, biography, and religious prose works.
Most venerated by this tradition are the three leading eighteenth-century male novelists: Concurrent changes in modes of distribution and in literacy rates brought ever increasing numbers of books and pamphlets to populations traditionally excluded from all but the most rudimentary education, especially working-class men and women of all classes.
These monumental changes in how literature was produced and consumed sent Shockwaves of alarm through more conservative sectors of English culture at the beginning of the eighteenth century.
The broadest of these were probably the advances in the technology of printing in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries which made written texts—once the province of the elite—available to a growing population of readers. Modern students of the novel are often unaware of the tumultuous controversy that attended its first steps at the end of the seventeenth century.
A number of profound social and economic changes affecting British culture from the Renaissance through the eighteenth century brought the novel quickly into popular prominence.
In the work of these three writers, the realism and drama of individual consciousness that we most associate with the novel took precedence over external drama and other motifs of continental romance.
A largely upper-class male contingent, reluctant to see any change in the literary status quo, mounted an aggressive "antinovel campaign.The novel despite the presence of great poetical works and the best periodical essays stands out in this century not only as the most popular but also the most enduring medium.
To examine critically the sudden rise of the novel in this age it is important to understand the social background and circumstances which helped to make it the /5(4). The rise of the novel At the end of the 18th century a new literary genre started developing all over Europe: the Novel.
It was a revolution whose roots were as old as the other literary genres. It was a revolution whose roots were as. Perceptions of the 18th Century Novel in Ian Watt’s Book, The Rise of The Novel Words | 4 Pages. Perceptions of the 18th Century Novel in Ian Watt’s Book, The Rise of The Novel The eighteenth century novel was one that changed the way novels were written in many different ways.
The Rise of the Novel in the Eighteenth Century (A Brief Summary of the first three lectures) 1- The first half of the eighteenth century marks the rise of a new literary genre: works of prose called today ‘novels’. What were the reasons for the rise of the English novel in the 18th century?
The first popular novels grew out of Elizabethan literature and Shakespearean drama in the late s and early s. Industrial Capitalism, Individualism and the Rise of the Novel 1-The rise of the novel during the eighteenth century is greatly associated with the rise of individualism at that time.
2- Individualism stressed the fact that every individual was independent from other individuals, and as a direct result of industrial capitalism, it emphasized that the .Download